UNIT 8: ECOLOGY             Riedell AP Bio Ecology webpage       18-21 Class Periods   Exam Weight 10-15%

1-EVO Evolution
2-ENE Energetics
3-IST Information Storage and Transmission
4-SYI Systems Interactions
SP1 Concept Explanations
SP2 Visual Representations
SP3 Questions and Methods
SP4 Representing and Describing Data
SP5 Statistical Tests and Data Analysis
SP6 Argumentation


PowerPoints Videos LABS/Activities BILL videos/Activities
Ecology Slide show 


Slides shows by Kim Foglia
Chapter 50 Biomes

Chapter 51-Behavioral Ecology
Chapter 52-Population Ecology
Chapter 53- Community Ecology
Chapter 54-Ecosystems

Bozeman Videos-
Biogeochemical cycles

r and k selection
Exponential growth SYI 1.G.1 & 2
Logistic growth  SYI 1.G.1 & 2
Animal Behavior  
Information Exchange  IST 5.A.1 & 2
Aposematic Coloration


Ecological Succession

Termite tracks
(play videos without sound)

Termites 1   Termites 2

IST 5.A.1 & 2

Pillbug lab IST 5.A.3
Home Alone video Taxis or Kinesis

LIMITING FACTORS /  How populations grow ?
SYI 1.H.1 & 1.H.2

Watch video, take notes in your BILL/ answer ?'s in your BILL

Bozeman r and k selection video   
Video guide
 by wuerthapbiology

Bozeman Ecological Succession    
Video guide notes  
by wuerthapbiology

Bozeman Biogeochemical cycles    
BILL ?'s

Thermoregulation Powerpoint

Mouse/Cricket Metabolism ?   
ENE 1.M.1

BILL- What's up with pheromones ? 
IST 5.A.1 & 2

BILL-Taxis/Kinesis    IST 5.A.1 & 2


Ecology cartoons
Human Impact cartoons/memes
Click & Go Ecology Review

Desktop card review         Answers

Vocab pictionary

Ecology Review from indylex

Ecology Review from rachelnovella


LO/EK description  
ENE 3.D Explain how the behavioral and/or physiological response of an organism is related to changes in internal or external environment.  
ENE 3.D.1 Organisms respond to changes in their environment through behavioral and physiological mechanisms. Termite tracks    Powerpoint  
Termites 1    Termites 2

What's up with pheromones ? 
ENE 3.D.2 Organisms exchange information with one another in response to internal changes and external cues, which can change behavior.
ENE 4 A Describe the structure of a community according to its species composition and diversity  
ENE 4.A.1 The structure of a community is measured and described in terms of species composition and species diversity  
ENE 4.B Explain how interactions within and among populations influence community structure.  
ENE 4.B.1 Communities change over time depending on interactions between populations.  
ENE 4.B.2 Interactions among populations determine how they access energy and matter within a community.  
ENE 4.B.3 Relationships among interacting populations can be characterized by positive and negative effects and can be modeled. Examples include predator/prey interactions, trophic cascades, and niche partitioning.  
ENE 4.B.4 Competition, predation, and symbioses, including parasitism, mutualism, and commensalism, can drive population dynamics.  
ENE 4.C Explain how community structure is related to energy availability in the environment.  
ENE 4.C.1 Cooperation or coordination between organisms, populations, and species can result in enhanced movement of, or access to, matter and energy  
IST 5.A Explain how the behavioral responses of organisms affect their overall fitness and may contribute to the success of the population.  
IST 5.A.1 Individuals can act on information and communicate it to others. Ecology Slide show

Information Exchange

Termite tracks    Powerpoint  
Termites 1    Termites 2

BILL- What's up with pheromones ?

BILL- Taxis/Kinesis 
IST 5.A.2 Communication occurs through various mechanisms—
a. Organisms have a variety of signaling behaviors that produce changes in the behavior of other organisms and can result in differential reproductive success.
b. Animals use visual, audible, tactile, electrical, and chemical signals to indicate dominance, find food, establish territory, and ensure reproductive success.
IST 5.A.3 Responses to information and communication of information are vital to natural selection and evolution—
a. Natural selection favors innate and learned behaviors that increase survival and reproductive fitness.
b. Cooperative behavior tends to increase the fitness of the individual and the survival of the population.
Ecology Slide show
ENE 1.M Describe the strategies organisms use to acquire and use energy.  
ENE 1.M.1 Organisms use energy to maintain organization, grow, and reproduce—
a. Organisms use different strategies to regulate body temperature and metabolism.
i. Endotherms use thermal energy generated by metabolism to maintain homeostatic body temperatures.
ii. Ectotherms lack efficient internal mechanisms for maintaining body temperature, though they may regulate their temperature behaviorally by moving into the sun or shade or by aggregating with other individuals.
b. Different organisms use various reproductive strategies in response to energy availability.
c. There is a relationship between metabolic rate per unit body mass and the size of multicellular organisms—generally, the smaller the organism, the higher the metabolic rate.
d. A net gain in energy results in energy storage or the growth of an organism.
e. A net loss of energy results in loss of mass and, ultimately, the death of an organism.

Mouse/Cricket Metabolism ?

Thermoregulation Powerpoint
ENE 1.N Explain how changes in energy availability affect populations and ecosystems.  
  1.N.1 Changes in energy availability can result in changes in population size.  
ENE 1.N.2 Changes in energy availability can result in disruptions to an ecosystem—
a. A change in energy resources such as sunlight can affect the number and size of the trophic levels.
b. A change in the producer level can affect the number and size of other trophic levels.
ENE 1.O Explain how the activities of autotrophs and heterotrophs enable the flow of energy within an ecosystem.  
ENE 1.O.1 Autotrophs capture energy from physical or chemical sources in the environment—
a. Photosynthetic organisms capture energy present in sunlight.
b. Chemosynthetic organisms capture energy from small inorganic molecules present in their environment, and this process can occur in the absence of oxygen.
ENE 1.O.2 Heterotrophs capture energy present in carbon compounds produced by other organisms.
a. Heterotrophs may metabolize carbohydrates, lipids, and proteins as sources of energy by hydrolysis
SYI 1.G Describe factors that influence growth dynamics of populations.
SYI 1.G.1 Populations comprise individual organisms that interact with one another and with the environment in complex ways. Exponential growth
Logistic growth

SYI 1.G.2 Many adaptations in organisms are related to obtaining and using energy and matter in a particular environment—
Population growth dynamics depend on a number of factors.
i. Reproduction without constraints results in the exponential growth of a population.
SYI 1.H Explain how the density of a population affects and is determined by resource availability in the environment.  
SYI 1.H.1 A population can produce a density of individuals that exceeds the system’s resource availability. LIMITING FACTORS /  How populations grow ?
SYI 1.H.2 As limits to growth due to density-dependent and density-independent factors are imposed, a logistic growth model generally ensues.
SYI 3 F Describe the relationship between ecosystem diversity and its resilience to changes in the environment.  
SYI 3.F.1 Natural and artificial ecosystems with fewer component parts and with little diversity among the parts are often less resilient to changes in the environment.  
SYI 3.F.2 Keystone species, producers, and essential abiotic and biotic factors contribute to maintaining the diversity of an ecosystem.  
SYI 3.G Explain how the addition or removal of any component of an ecosystem will affect its overall short-term and longterm structure.  
SYI 3.G.1 The diversity of species within an ecosystem may influence the organization of the ecosystem.  
SYI 3.G.2 The effects of keystone species on the ecosystem are disproportionate relative to their abundance in the ecosystem, and when they are removed from the ecosystem, the ecosystem often collapses.  
EVO 1.O Explain the interaction between the environment and random or preexisting variations in populations.  
EVO 1.O.1 An adaptation is a genetic variation that is favored by selection and is manifested as a trait that provides an advantage to an organism in a particular environment.  
EVO 1.O.2 Mutations are random and are not directed by specific environmental pressures  
SYI 2.A Explain how invasive species affect ecosystem dynamics.  
SYI 2.A.1 The intentional or unintentional introduction of an invasive species can allow the species to exploit a new niche free of predators or competitors or to outcompete other organisms for resources.  
SYI 2.A.2 The availability of resources can result in uncontrolled population growth and ecological changes.  
SYI 2.B Describe human activities that lead to changes in ecosystem structure and/ or dynamics.  
SYI 2.B.1 The distribution of local and global ecosystems changes over time.  
SYI 2.B.2 Human impact accelerates change at local and global levels— a. The introduction of new diseases can devastate native species. b. Habitat change can occur because of human activity  
SYI 2,C Explain how geological and meteorological activity leads to changes in ecosystem structure and/or dynamics.  
SYI 2.C.1 Geological and meteorological events affect habitat change and ecosystem distribution. Biogeographical studies illustrate these changes.  


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