EVOLUTION MATTER & ENERGY  INFORMATION INTERACTIONS
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ALBERT IO
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Slide shows
Handoutsmetabolism
Review games for this Chapter
Webstites for this chapter
Tutorials, animations, etc
Other AP BIO websites
Get ready for the AP Exam
Enzymes, Photosynthesis,
& Respiration

Chapters 8, 9, & 10

 
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SCIENCE NEWS
Quadruple Stranded DNA
Bright spot in ND
AP BIO INFO
BHS Biology webpage
(Stuff you should already know)
DDN GRADE CHECK
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APBIO HOME
Countdown to AP BIO EXAM
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AP CENTRAL
FRQ's 2013 to present

FRQ's prior to 2013
FRQ's by topic
Study log
 

 

Homework Calendar

MONDAY 2/19 TUESDAY 2/20 WEDNESDAY 2/21 THURS 2/22 FRIDAY 2/23

NO SCHOOL

2 HR LATE START

MC TEST Chapter 13-17
DNA structure, Replication, Transcription, Translation, Bacteria, Viruses,
DNA Technology

HW:
TO DO LIST

1. Watch "Draw Photosynthesis" video and fill in your DIAGRAM  showing the steps by FRIDAY

Finish MC test today

HW: TO DO LIST
1. Watch "Draw Photosynthesis"
video and fill in your DIAGRAM  showing the steps by FRIDAY

2 Start "Reading for understanding" Chapters 8, 9, 10
3. REVIEW your "BIO" brain for Chap 8 &
9

WRITE FRQs in class I choose one from LIST PLUS a surprise


HW:TO DO LIST
1. Watch "Draw Photosynthesis" video and fill in your DIAGRAM  showing the steps by FRIDAY
2. Start "Reading for understanding" Chapters 8, 9, 10

3. REVIEW your "BIO" brain for Chap 8 & 9
4. BILL  Draw Chloroplast DUE
MON


Watch "Draw Photosynthesis" video and fill in your DIAGRAM  showing the steps by TODAY

BILL- Cyclic vs non-cyclic photophosphorylation

Photosynthesis    notes


HW:TO DO LIST
1. BILL Draw Chloroplast  DUE MON
2
MONDAY 2/26 TUESDAY 2/27 WEDNESDAY 2/28 THURSDAY 3/1 FRIDAY 3/2
Draw Chloroplast DUE

Calvin cycle video


PHOTOSYNTHESIS THEATER.

HW:
BILL- Cyclic vs non-cyclic photophosphorylation DUE TOMORROW
What's my job DUE WED

TAKE GOOGLE DOCS Photosynthesis quiz  
by THURS

BILL- Cyclic vs non-cyclic photophosphorylation DUE

Bozeman videos-
Anaerobic respiration

Take notes in BILL

HW:
1. TAKE GOOGLE DOCS
Photosynthesis quiz by THURS

2. Watch "Draw glycolysis, Draw Krebs, Draw ETC videos and fill in your diagram showing the steps by TOMORROW

3.
 DRAW MITOCHONDRIA due
FRI

What's my job due
Self check


HW:
1. Watch "Draw glycolysis, Draw Krebs, Draw ETC videos and fill in your diagram showing the steps by
FRIDAY

2. DRAW MITOCHONDRIA due MONDAY


Photosynthesis quiz  by TODAY

HW:
Watch "Draw glycolysis, Draw Krebs, Draw ETC videos and fill in your diagram showing the steps by
TOMORROW

DRAW MITOCHONDRIA due MONDAY


Watch "Draw glycolysis, Draw Krebs, Draw ETC videos and fill in your diagram showing the steps by TODAY

FINISH ENZYME POGIL


Lucy & Chocolate factory

Bozeman videos-
Enzymes & Energy

Coupled Reactions
Activation energy
Enzymes

HW:TO DO LIST


Explain Chemiosmosis to HOMER due TOMORROW
Mitochondria/Chloroplast Venn DUE WED
Take Google docs
Cellular Respiration quiz
by WED


BILL WHY DOES CYANIDE KILL YOU?

Due THURS
MONDAY 3/5 TUESDAY  3/6 WEDNESDAY 3/7 THURSDAY 3/8 FRIDAY 3/9
Watch Gibbs Free Energy video and take video notes in your BILL
Watch Bozeman
Enzyme video and take video notes in your BILL
BILL
Enzyme graph

DRAW MITOCHONDRIA due


Respiration ETC theater

Anaerobic respiration
Aerobic respiration

Glycolysis animation
Krebs cycle animation

ETC
ETC-NADH
ETC-FADH2
Glycolysis
ETC

ETC animation
ATP Synthase animation


HW:
1.Take Google docs
Cellular Respiration quiz
by TOMORROW





Take Google docs
Cellular Respiration quiz
by today

Explain Chemiosmosis to HOMER due
Be an enzyme simulation 
by Thomas Wanamaker

    
Be an enzyme ?'s due AT END OF CLASS

Thermoregulation/metabolism

Watch Bozeman video-Thermoregulation

Work on Mouse/Cricket Metabolism ? due tomorrow

HW:

HW:BILL WHY DOES CYANIDE KILL YOU? DUE tomorrow


Mitochondria/Chloroplast Venn DUE

 BILL-Mouse/Cricket Metabolism ? due tomorrow

BILL-Enzymes at work ?'s DUE MONDAY

Enzymes and cellular respiration POGIL

 

BILL WHY DOES CYANIDE KILL YOU? DUE




DNA TEST CORRECTIONS due by end of day


BILL-Mouse/Cricket Metabolism ? due



BILL-ENZYME GRAPHS and ?'s DONE IN CLASS

Mito/Chloro Kahoot

Enzyme animator
HW:
1. BILL-Enzymes at work ?'s DUE MONDAY

2.
Take the Google docs Enzymes quiz by TUESDAY
MONDAY  3/12 TUESDAY  3/13 WEDNESDAY 3/14 THURSDAY 3/15 FRIDAY 3/16
CHECK
BILL-Enzymes at work ?'s DUE

BILL-ENZYME GRAPHS and ?'s from FRI

OIL RIG

IN CLASS
BILL-MINI VENN
Competitive vs Mon-competitive inhibitors


HW:
Take the Google docs Enzymes quiz by TOMORROW

Review Past metabolism FRQ's

Take the Google docs Enzymes quiz by TODAY

IN CLASS ESSAYS
I PICK ?'s



HW: STUDY FOR TEST THURS

Card review

answers at end


Metabolism Kahoot

TEST-Chap 8,9,&10
Enzymes, R
espiration & Photosynthesis

HW;


MONDAY  1/20 TUESDAY  1/21 WEDNESDAY 1/22 THURSDAY 1/23 FRIDAY 1/24
NO SCHOOL
MLK DAY
       

Science & Society essays due FRIDAY
Follett Shelf link
User/PW
= school lunch #

Pick 1 of 4 ?'s on p123 in lab book AND Pick one chapter in "For the Good of Mankind" book to read and pick one of questions from chapter ?'s at end of book to write about.

12/11/2011
Death of Lynn Margulis

DOWNLOAD VLC video viewer

Statistical Analysis of leaf disk assay (Modified from Bob Kuhn)
DUE TOMORROW


MEAN, STDev, SE

BOZEMAN BIOLOGY VIDEOS LAB 2
Enzyme Catalysis
 
Enzymes Entropy Gibbs Free Energy  Coupled Reactions
Bioenergetics Postive/Negative Feedback loops Plant pigments lab
Photosynthesis Photosynthesis Lab Walk through LAB 4 Photosynthesis Biology Essentials
Photosynthesis & Respiration
Anaerobic respiration Cellular Respiration  Lab 5 Cellular Respiration
Respiration Lab Walk through Finding Stomata 
4/22/12
OTHER YOUTUBE VIDEOS Glucose song  Glucose Song-Science Groove
MR> W
Glycolysis rap
Krebs       ETC
Mr. Hsu Cellular Respiration   Oxidate it or Love it/
Electrons to the Next One
 
AP Bio Cellular Respiration Ninja Enzymes Lego ETC AP BIO Photosynthesis HOW STUFF WORKS-ATP
Handwritten Tutorials
Cellular Respiration - Overview   BILL notes
Veruca Salt's Golden ticket    

 

David Knuffke's Prezis

Metabolism 1: Cellular Energetics Metabolism 2:
Chemoheterotrophic Nutrition
Metabolism 3:
Photoautotrophic Nutrition
       



Chainobead polymerase activity from Paula Petterson

Chainobead polymerase ?'s due at end of class

 

Videos from:
KHAN ACADEMY
PHOTOSYNTHESIS OVERVIEW
PHOTOSYNTHESIS LIGHT REACTIONS 1
PHOTOSYNTHESIS LIGHT REACTIONS & PHOTOPHOSPHORYLATION
PHOTOSYNTHESIS CALVIN CYCLE
PHOTORESPIRATION
C4 PHOTOSYNTHESIS
CAM
Biology Redox
Redox reactions
REDOX in CELLULAR RESPIRATION
INTRO TO CELLULAR RESPIRATION
ELECTRON TRANSPORT CHAIN
OXIDATIVE PHOSPHORYLATION & CHEMIOSMOSIS
ATP

University of California College prep AP BIOLOGY
http://www.ucopenaccess.org/course/view.php?id=8

 Using a spectrophotometer
Downloaded from: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=V1vXCmhWw40

McGraw Hill videos
How enzymes work
Protein denaturing
A Biochemical Pathway

Positive and Negative Feedback

Feedback Inhibition of Biochemical Pathways

How NAD+ works

How Glycolysis works

How the Krebs Cycle works

Electron transport and ATP synthesis

Youtube videos
Cellular respiration song
Glucose son

Enzymes and metabolism

Enzyme Catalysis

Enzyme Regulation

Overview of metabolism

Glycolysis

TCA cycle

Electron transport

ETC

Photosynthesis

Light reactions

Calvin cycle

McGraw Hill
Lysosomes
Sodium-Potassium Exchange Pump
Cotransport
Endocytosis and Exocytosis
Proton Pump
A Biochemical Pathway
Feedback Inhibition
ETS and ATP Synthesis
Cyclic and Noncyclic Photophosphorylation
Photosynthetic ETS and ATP Synthesis

Metabolism tutorial

Bozeman Biology videos

GOOGLE DOC
Enzymes
Photosynthesis
Respiration

VIRTUAL LAB-Enzyme

Virtual lab- Photosynthesis

 

 

 

Handouts

What to know- Enzymes
What to know- Respiration
What to know- Photosynthesis

Past metabolism FRQ's

C3, C4, CAM comparison

Mitochondria/Chloroplast comparison

Fun with Milk and Eggs
by Kim Foglia

Enzyme Simulation
by Thomas Wanamaker
Be an enzyme activity
Be an enzyme ?'s

Toothpickase lab

Draw photosynthesis
What's my job?

Draw Respiration

Brad Williamson's Floating disc lab
Modified from: S Sharp

Video of Floating disc lab

Vocab

What to know

Holtzclaw Reading Guide ?'s
Metabolism
Photosynthesis
Respiration

Clicker game ?'s
(Answers at end)

Photosynthesis Venn

 

SLIDESHOWS

LAB 2


Chapter 8
Enzymes & Energy

Chapter 9
Cellular Respiration
Modified from: 
Dr. Chuck Downing &
Glenbrook High School

Chapter 10
    Photosynthesis
 
Modified from Kim Foglia  

SLIDE SHOWS:
Enzymes & Energy (me)
Photosynthesis modified from Kim B. Foglia
Respiration modified from Glenbrook High school, Dr. Chuck Downing, and Kim Foglia

 

POWERPOINT version
DOWNLOAD POWERPOINT
VIEWER HERE

Remember: Biology is more than "just the facts". It's all about connections.
(That said... you have to know the vocab and concepts to be able to see the "big picture" and make those connections)

REVIEWS & QUIZZES
Chapter 8- Enzymes & energy
Review What you should already know?
(Old BIO I & II slideshows/review games)
Metabolism Review
Energy & Enzymes Crossword Puzzle
Chapter 8-Metabolism review
GO TO Photosynthesis reviews
GO TO Respiration reviews
Biology Project Metabolism Problems
Ch 6-8 Review Mr. Wanamaker
Glenbrook HS Chapter ?'s
Chapter 6 - Metabolism
HB Woodlawn-Chapter Quizzes
Biology 101 Energetics Quiz
Mr. Buckley's enzyme quiz
Factors that affect enzymes
Internet review games
Bubbabrain
(
Choose Junior/Senior AP Biology and submit
Pick a game and submit)
Hippocampus-BIOLOGY
Tutorials w/quizzes-Choose a topic
Biology Project
Energy, Enzymes, & Catalysis
Green Sea- Enzyme quiz
Cellular Energetics - Interactive quiz
Bio 114-Virtual enzyme lab
Science Geek
Enzymes 
BC quizme-Chose a topic
Tag Biology Flashcard exchange
Buffer interactive
Photosynthesis tutorial w/?'s
Enzymes w/quiz
QUIA GAMES
Photosynthesis
Photosynthesis Millionaire
Photosynthesis Millionaire 2
 
TUTORIALS
Metabolism
Cellular energy
Laws of Thermodynamics
Energy and living things
ENZYMES
Enzyme Practice quiz
Enzymes
Enzyme Catalysis
Allosteric Regulation of Enzymes Enzyme inhibition tutorial 
Factors that Effect enzymes
BiomanBio-Enzymes
Effect of Environmental conditions on enzymes

Enzymes
Lew-Port's All about enzymes
Energy, Enzymes, & Catalysis
Everything you wanted to know about enzymes
Biology in Motion-
   Enzyme Characteristics
Dr. Kaiser's tutorials
  Energy
  Enzymes
MARICOPIA -Enzymes  
Virtual liver enzyme lab
University of Kentucky- BIOWEB
Use scroll on left
Free energy animation
Enzyme lab tutorial
ANIMATIONS
Sumanas Enzymes
What is an enzyme?
All about enzymes- Lewport
Enzyme Kinetics
Enzyme-substrate reaction- Kaiser
How Heat changes proteins
Enzyme animation 1
Allosteric enzyme inhibition
Biochemical pathway
Feedback inhibition
Free energy animation
Biochemical pathway animation
Energy conversion-Rhino jumping
Enzyme Inhibition Wiley
Enzyme Tutorial from Northland Community and Technical College
BBC enzyme animation
Enzyme Pathways McGraw-Hill
Enzymologie by Laurent Martorell Acad้mie de Cr้teil
Enzyme Activity by Jim Wanamaker of Lew-Port
Enzyme Reaction - Simulation BBCi
Wiley
Enzyme Kinetics
Enzyme Inhibition 

 

 

Review games
Chapter 9-Respiration

Review What you should already know?
(Old BIO I & II slideshows/review games)
Metabolism Review
Respiration Crossword Puzzle
Respiration review
Respiration Jeopardy
What happens next?

GO TO Metabolism reviews
GO TO Photosynthesis reviews

Ch 6-8 Review Mr. Wanamaker
Glenbrook HS Chapter ?'s
Chapter 9 - Cellular Respiration
HB Woodlawn-Chapter Quizzes
Biology 101 Energetics Quiz
Mr. Buckley's Cellular Respiration quiz
Internet review games
Bubbabrain
(
Choose Junior/Senior AP Biology and submit
Pick a game and submit)
Hippocampus-BIOLOGY
Tutorials w/quizzes-Choose a topic
BIO114-Virtual respiration lab

Science Geek
Cellular Respiration 
Cellular Respiration
Unit 2 Test Review

BIOLOGY CORNER
Respiration
QUIA
Photosynthesis & Respiration
Photosynthesis & Respiration 2
Cellular Respiration
BC quizme-Chose a topic
Tag Biology Flashcard exchange

Cellular respiration in seeds

FunTrivia-Respiration
Respiration quiz
bbc biology respiration quiz
Cell Respiration
Biology Project
  Metabolism-Problem set

University of Arizona
  Metabolism Problem Sets

Test Preparation:
Cellular Respiration Review Game

Review Game Answer Sheet

Proton pumps w/quiz
TUTORIALS
TUTORIALS
BioCoach-Respiration
Basic Respiration
Electron Transport and ATP Synthesis
Enzyme Tutorial from Northland Community and Technical College
Two Experiments Demonstrate the Chemiosmotic Mechanism
North Harris College
  Glycolysis tutorial
BiologyMad-Photosynthesis/Respiration
Biology in Motion
ATP and Energy storage
Dr. Kaiser's tutorials
Cellular Respiration
MARICOPIA- Respiration
Clarmont College- Respiration

Online Reviews at GHS:
Fermentation
General Review of Aerobic Respiration
Glycolysis
The Krebs Cycle
Electron Transport/ Oxidative Phosphorylation
More in depth review of Aerobic Respiration

Chemiosmosis
SciLinks-Cellular Respiration
Respiration LAB 
Cell respiration lab
Oxidative Phosphorylation Campbell Interactive Chemistry
Fatty Acid Respiration Campbell Interactive Chemistry
Oxidative Phosphorlyation (advanced) Nature Reviews Molecular Cell Biology
Electron Transport McGraw-Hill
Metabolism
ANIMATIONS
Glycolysis Animation
Kreb's Cycle Animation
Electron Transport Chain Animation
Mitochondrial animation
Electron Transport Chain
Mitochondrial life cycle
McGraw-Hill animations:
Electron transport and ATP synthesis
Sumanas
Electron transport-Aerobic/Anaerobic
ATP Synthase gradients
Life Science (Purves, et. al)
Glycolysis and Fermentation
 Energy Pathways in Cells
The Citric Acid Cycle
Electron Transport Chain
Energy Levels
Regulation of Energy Pathways
Respiration Flashcards

ATP Synthesis animation

Glycolysis
Glycolysis animation
Glycolysis animation 2
Overall Reaction Dr. Meyer at CUNY

Concepts in Biochemistry - Interactive Animations

Virtual Cell's Educational Animations MCBE

Cellular Respiration Thomas M. Terry at Univ. of Conn.

Essential Biochemistry - Citric Acid Cycle

Sue Merkel;Cornell
Gylcolysis 
Anaerobic Respiration-
Glycolysis and Fermentation

Glycolysis by RM Chute
Glycolysis by John Kyrk
Bio 231/Smith edu
Glycolysis
Krebs cycle
Electron Transport chain
Glycolysis Animation from Northland Community and Technical College

Glycolysis Donald Nicholson

TCA (Citric Acid) Cycle by Rodney F. Boyer
Citric Acid Cycle Purdue University

The Pruvate Dehydrogenase Complex 

Acetyl CoA and Krebs Cycle
ATP Synthase Gradient: The Movie Virtual Cell
Cellular Respiration
ATP Synthase Movie
ATP Synthesis(ATPase) Flash Animation
Production of ATP by Oxidative Phosphorylation
Electron Transport
Electron Transport
Oxidative Phosphorylation
 

 

 

Review games
Chapter 10-Photosynthesis
Metabolism Review
Photosynthesis Crossword Puzzle

Photosynthesis review
What happens next
GO TO Metabolism reviews

GO TO Respiration reviews
Ch 6-8 Review Mr. Wanamaker

Mr. Buckley's Photosynthesis Quiz

Biology 101 Energetics Quiz
Internet review games
Bubbabrain
(Choose Junior/Senior AP Biology and submit
Pick a game and submit)
HB Woodlawn-Chapter Quizzes
Hippocampus-BIOLOGY
Tutorials w/quizzes-Choose a topic
Mrs. Brumley's
Photosynthesis/Respiration 1
Photosynthesis/Respiration 2

Bio 114-Photosynthesis lab

Science Geek
Photosynthesis (Fill-in)
Photosynthesis (Multiple choice)  Unit 2 Test Review
BIOLOGY CORNER
Photosynthesis
Glenbrook HS Chapter ?'s
Chapter 10 - Photosynthesis
Rags to Riches-
Photosynthesis & Respiration
Photosynthesis interactive quiz
Photosynthesis short answer practice
Photosynthesis quiz
ZeroBio Photosynthesis quiz
Photosynthesis practice quiz
Biology Project
  Photosynthesis-Problem set 1

  Photosynthesis-Problem set 2
Photosynthesis Problem Set 1 - University of Arizona
Photosynthesis Problem Set 2 - University of Arizona
Glenbrook HS
Photosynthesis Basics
Properties of Light
First Review of the Light Dependent Reactions
First Review of the Light Independent Reactions
Reactions of Photosynthesis I 
Reactions of Photosynthesis II
Reactions of Photosynthesis III

C3, C4 & CAM Plants

C4 photosynthesis

Proton pumps w/quiz

Light dependent reactions

TUTORIALS
BIOCOACH-Photosynthesis
Basic Photosynthesis
Dr. Kaiser's tutorials
Photosynthesis
Biochem  Arizona
Photosynthesis
LubeHawk-
   The Big Picture
   The Yucky Chemistry Details
Elodea experiment
Chromatography lab
Oxygen Produced by Photosynthesis
Photophosphorylation
Tracing the Pathway of CO2
Comparison of C3, C4, and CAM
ATP Synthesis in Mitochondria
ETS in Mitochondria
Thinkquest-Leaf
MARICOPIA Photosynthesis
Clarmont College Photosynthesis  
Photosynthesis
Photophosphorylation
Comparing types of photosynthesis
Atomic Absorption of Electromagnetic Radiation
Miscellaneous Weird Stuff
Cryonics
Photosynthesis Tutorial  
Metabolism
Enzymes
Photosynthesis lab animation
simulation from Concord Consortium's Molecular Workbench
ANIMATIONS
Cool Interactive Calvin cycle
Photosynthesis animation
VCell
Photosynthesis movie
Photosynthesis Light Reactions  Photosynthesis Dark Reactions
Photosynthesis
Photosystem II
Sumanas
Harvesting Light
McGraw Hill
Photosynthetic Electron transport
Photosynthesis  
BBC
Water loss through transpiration
Plants night & day
University of Illinois
Light Dependent reactions
Calvin cycle
Photosynthesis-U Alberta
Photosynthesis by John Kyrk
June B. Steinberg
Calvin Cycle Animations
Energy Capturing Photosynthesis
Effect of light experiment
PHOTOSYNTHESIS animation
Cool Interactive Calvin cycle
Bio231/Smith edu
Light reactions
Carbon fixation
Jablonski Diagram
Photosynthesis Animation
Photo systems 1 and 2
Photosynthesis Animation
Photosynthesis Animation - Light Reaction
Interactive Photosynthesis
Calvin cycle
Metabolic Processes  
Locating the Photosynthesis Reaction Center
Photosynthesis
Photosynthesis

 

WHAT YOU SHOULD KNOW

Big Idea 2: Biological systems utilize free energy and molecular building blocks to grow, to reproduce and to maintain dynamic homeostasis.

Enduring understanding 2.A: Growth, reproduction and maintenance of the organization of living systems require free energy and matter.

       Essential knowledge 2.A.1: All living systems require constant input of  free energy.
             a. Life requires a highly ordered system.
               Evidence of student learning is a demonstrated understanding of each of the following:
                      1. Order is maintained by constant free energy input into the system.
 
                      2. Loss of order or free energy flow results in death.
 
                      3. Increased disorder and entropy are offset by biological processes
that maintain or increase order.
              b. Living systems do not violate the second law of thermodynamics,
which states that entropy increases over time.
                   
Evidence of student learning is a demonstrated understanding of each of the following:
                      1. Order is maintained by coupling cellular processes that increase entropy (and so have negative changes in free energy) with
                          those that decrease entropy (and so have positive changes in free energy).

 
                      2. Energy input must exceed free energy lost to entropy to maintain order and power cellular processes.

                      3. Energetically favorable exergonic reactions, such as ATPADP, that have a negative change in free energy can be used to
                           maintain or increase order in a system by being coupled with reactions that have a positive free energy change.

               c. Energy-related pathways in biological systems are sequential and may be entered at multiple points in the pathway. [See also 2.A.2]
                To foster student understanding of this concept, instructors can choose an illustrative example such as:
              •  Krebs cycle
                   
•  Glycolysis
              •  Calvin cycle
              •  Fermentation  

               d. Organisms use free energy to maintain organization, grow and reproduce.
                Evidence of student learning is a demonstrated understanding of each of the following:

                      1. Organisms use various strategies to regulate body temperature and metabolism.
                     To foster student understanding of this concept, instructors can choose an illustrative example such as:
                    •  Endothermy (the use of thermal energy generated by metabolism to maintain homeostatic body temperatures)
                    •  Ectothermy (the use of external thermal energy to help regulate and maintain body temperature)
                    •  Elevated floral temperatures in some plant species

                      2. Reproduction and rearing of offspring require free energy beyond that used for maintenance and growth. Different
                            organisms use various reproductive strategies in response to energy availability.

                       To foster student understanding of this concept, instructors can choose an illustrative example such as:
                     •  Seasonal reproduction in animals and plants
                     •  Life-history strategy (biennial plants, reproductive diapause)

                       3. There is a relationship between metabolic rate per unit body mass and the size of multicellular organisms — generally, the smaller
                            the organism, the higher the metabolic rate.

                       4. Excess acquired free energy versus required free energy expenditure results in energy storage or growth.

                       5. Insufficient acquired free energy versus required free energy expenditure results in loss of mass and, ultimately, the death of an
                            organism.

          e. Changes in free energy availability can result in changes in population size.

          f. Changes in free energy availability can result in disruptions to an ecosystem.
           To foster student understanding of this concept, instructors can choose an illustrative example such as:
             •  Change in the producer level can affect the number and size of other trophic levels.
                   
•  Change in energy resources levels such as sunlight can affect the number and size of the trophic levels.

Learning Objectives:
LO 2.1 The student is able to explain how biological systems use free energy based on empirical data that all organisms require constant energy input to maintain organization, to grow and to reproduce. [See SP 6.2]

LO 2.2 The student is able to justify a scientific claim that free energy is required for living systems to maintain organization, to grow or to reproduce, but that multiple strategies exist in different living systems. [See SP 6.1]

LO 2.3 The student is able to predict how changes in free energy availability affect organisms, populations and ecosystems. [See SP 6.4]  

      Essential knowledge 2.A.2: Organisms capture and store free energy for use in biological processes.

            a. Autotrophs capture free energy from physical sources in the environment.
             Evidence of student learning is a demonstrated understanding of each of the following:
                 1. Photosynthetic organisms capture free energy present in sunlight.

                 2. Chemosynthetic organisms capture free energy from small inorganic molecules present in their environment, and this process can occur
                      in the absence of oxygen.

           b. Heterotrophs capture free energy present in carbon compounds produced by other organisms.
             Evidence of student learning is a demonstrated understanding of each of the following:
                  1. Heterotrophs may metabolize carbohydrates, lipids and proteins by hydrolysis as sources of free energy.

                  2. Fermentation produces organic molecules, including alcohol and lactic acid, and it occurs in the absence of oxygen.  
     ✘
Specific steps, names of enzymes and intermediates of the pathways for these processes are beyond the scope of the course
                          and the AP Exam.
 

        c. Different energy-capturing processes use different types of electron acceptors.
         To foster student understanding of this concept, instructors can choose an illustrative example such as:
           •  NADP+ in photosynthesis
           •  Oxygen in cellular respiration

        d. The light-dependent reactions of photosynthesis in eukaryotes involve a series of coordinated reaction pathways that capture free energy
             in light to yield ATP and NADPH, which power the production of organic molecules.

             Evidence of student learning is a demonstrated understanding of each of the following:

                    1. During photosynthesis, chlorophylls absorb free energy from light, boosting electrons to a higher energy level in Photosystems I
                        and Photosystem II.

                    2. Photosystems I and II are embedded in the internal membranes of chloroplasts (thylakoids) and are connected by the transfer of
                         higher free energy electrons through an electron transport chain (ETC). [See also 4.A.2]

                     3. When electrons are transferred between molecules in a sequence of reactions as they pass through the ETC, an
                          electrochemical gradient of hydrogen ions (protons) across the thykaloid membrane is established.

                     4. The formation of the proton gradient is a separate process, but it is linked to the synthesis of ATP from ADP and inorganic
                          phosphate via ATP synthase.


                      5. The energy captured in the light reactions as ATP and NADPH
powers the production of carbohydrates from carbon dioxide in the
                          Calvin cycle, which occurs in the stroma of the chloroplast.

         ✘✘ Memorization of the steps in the Calvin cycle, the structure of the molecules and the names of enzymes (with the
                                exception of ATP synthase) are beyond the scope of the course and the AP Exam.

        e. Photosynthesis first evolved in prokaryotic organisms; scientific evidence supports that prokaryotic (bacterial) photosynthesis
             was responsible for the production of an oxygenated atmosphere; prokaryotic photosynthetic pathways were the foundation of eukaryotic
             photosynthesis.

        f. Cellular respiration in eukaryotes involves a series of coordinated enzyme-catalyzed reactions that harvest free energy from simple
             carbohydrates.
              Evidence of student learning is a demonstrated understanding of each of the following:

                         1. Glycolysis rearranges the bonds in glucose molecules, releasing free energy to form ATP from ADP and inorganic phosphate, and
                        resulting in the production of pyruvate.

                   2. Pyruvate is transported from the cytoplasm to the mitochondrion, where further oxidation occurs. [See also 4.A.2]

                   3. In the Krebs cycle, carbon dioxide is released from organic intermediates ATP is synthesized from ADP and inorganic
                       phosphate via substrate level phosphorylation and electrons are captured by coenzymes.

                   4. Electrons that are extracted in the series of Krebs cycle reactions are carried by NADH and FADH2 to the electron transport chain.  
                                                                               
✘✘ Memorization of the steps in glycolysis and the Krebs cycle, or of the structures of the molecules and the names of the
                         enzymes involved, are beyond the scope of the course and the AP Exam

          g. The electron transport chain captures free energy from electrons in a series of coupled reactions that establish an electrochemical gradient
               across membranes.

               Evidence of student learning is a demonstrated understanding of each of the following:
                       1. Electron transport chain reactions occur in chloroplasts (photosynthesis), mitochondria (cellular respiration) and prokaryotic
                            plasma membranes.

                       2. In cellular respiration, electrons delivered by NADH and FADH2 are passed to a series of electron acceptors as they move
                           toward the terminal electron acceptor, oxygen. In
photosynthesis, the terminal electron acceptor is NADP+.

                       3. The passage of electrons is accompanied by the formation of a proton gradient across the inner mitochondrial membrane or
                           the thylakoid membrane of chloroplasts, with the membrane(s) separating a region of high proton concentration from a region

                           of low proton concentration. In prokaryotes, the passage of electrons is accompanied by the outward movement of protons across
                            the plasma membrane.

                       4. The flow of protons back through membrane-bound ATP synthase by chemiosmosis generates ATP from ADP and inorganic
                           phosphate.

                       5. In cellular respiration, decoupling oxidative phosphorylation from electron transport is involved in thermoregulation.  
                                                                                                 
✘✘ The names of the specific electron carriers in the ETC are beyondthe scope of the course and the AP Exam.

        h. Free energy becomes available for metabolism by the conversion of ATPADP, which is coupled to many steps in metabolic pathways.

Learning Objectives:
LO 2.4 The student is able to use representations to pose scientific questions about what mechanisms and structural features allow organisms to capture, store and use free energy. [See SP 1.4, 3.1]

LO 2.5 The student is able to construct explanations of the mechanisms and structural features of cells that allow organisms to capture, store or use free energy. [See SP 6.

        Essential knowledge 4.B.1: Interactions between molecules affect their structure and function.

              a. Change in the structure of a molecular system may result in a change of the function of the system. [See also 3.D.3]

             b. The shape of enzymes, active sites and interaction with specific molecules are essential for basic functioning of the enzyme.

                  Evidence of student learning is a demonstrated understanding of each of the following:

                      1. For an enzyme-mediated chemical reaction to occur, the substrate must be complementary to the surface properties (shape and
                       charge) of the active site. In other words, the substrate must fit into
the enzyme's active site.

                      2. Cofactors and coenzymes affect enzyme function; this interaction relates to a structural change that alters the activity rate of the
                      enzyme. The enzyme may only become active when all the appropriate cofactors or coenzymes are present and bind to the
                      appropriate sites on the enzyme.

       ✘✘ No specific cofactors or coenzymes are within the scope of the course and the AP Exam.

             c. Other molecules and the environment in which the enzyme acts can enhance or inhibit enzyme activity. Molecules can bind reversibly
                   or irreversibly to the active or allosteric sites, changing the activity of the enzyme.

             d. The change in function of an enzyme can be interpreted from data regarding the
                  concentrations of product or substrate as a function of time. These representations
                  demonstrate the relationship
between an enzyme's activity, the disappearance of substrate,
                  and/
or presence of a competitive inhibitor.

Learning Objective:
LO 4.17 The student is able to analyze data to identify how molecular interactions affect structure and function. [See SP 5.1]

     Essential knowledge 4.B.2: Cooperative interactions within organisms promote efficiency in
      the use of energy and matter.

            a. Organisms have areas or compartments that perform a subset of functions related to energy
                  and matter, and these parts contribute to the whole. [See also 2.A.2, 4.A.2]

                 Evidence of student learning is a demonstrated understanding of each of the following:
                     1. At the cellular level, the plasma membrane, cytoplasm and, for eukaryotes, the organelles
                          contribute to the overall specialization and functioning of the cell.

                     2. Within multicellular organisms, specialization of organs contributes to the overall
                            functioning of the organism.

                    To foster student understanding of this concept, instructors can choose an illustrative
                     example such as:

                       •  Exchange of gases
                    •  Circulation of fluids
                       •  Digestion of food
                       •  Excretion of wastes
 
                    3. Interactions among cells of a population of unicellular
organisms can be similar to those of multicellular organisms,
                         and these interactions lead to increased efficiency and utilization of energy and matter.      
                        
To foster student understanding of this concept, instructors can choose an illustrative example such as:    
                                  
•  Bacterial community in the rumen of animals
                        •
  Bacterial community in and around deep sea vents

Learning Objective:
LO 4.18 The student is able to use representations and models to analyze how cooperative interactions within organisms promote efficiency in the use of energy and matter. [See SP 1.4]

 

Chemistry of Life  Cells Cell Division Metabolism
Genetics DNA, RNA, Proteins Evolution Parade
Plants Body systems Ecology Exam Prep
OTHER UNITS Riedell Science Home APBIO Teacher help Riedell Bio Teacher help

 

If you find something useful, would like to suggest new links, or have corrections...please let me know. 

 

 

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SOURCES

image from: http://www.biologie.uni-hamburg.de/b-online/library/cat-removed/enzyme_.gif

 

Turkey animation: http://www.myspaceanimations.com/myspace-animations-thanksgiving-turkeys.html

 http://www.quia.com/pages/abeapbio.html

http://1.bp.blogspot.com/_E7ik4q_NXFA/TTfZQu6yoMI/AAAAAAAABpQ/iwGegDQKgOg/s1600/animated_snowman_ze0d_1_.gif\

 

Reading Guide ?'s
Modified from Lynn Miriello
Photosynthesis
Respiration

simulation from Concord Consortium's Molecular Workbench

 

http://www.biologycorner.com/bio3/links.php

MONDAY 1/23 TUESDAY 1/24 WEDNESDAY 1/25 THURS 1/26 FRIDAY 1/27

TEST- GENETICS

HW: See TO DO LIST
1. Watch "Draw Photosynthesis" video and fill in your DIAGRAM  showing the steps by TOMORROW
2.
Start
"Reading for understanding" Chapters 8, 9, 10
3. REVIEW your "BIO" brain for Chap
8 & 7

Photosynthesis    notes

HW:
BILL Draw Chloroplast
DUE MON

 2. What's my job DUE TUESDAY

3.BILL- Cyclic vs non-cyclic photophosphorylation DUE WED
MONDAY 1/30 TUESDAY 1/31 WEDNESDAY 2/1 THURSDAY 2/2 FRIDAY 2/3


BILL Draw Chloroplast
DUE

Watch Gibbs Free Energy video and take video notes in your BILL

HW:
What's my job DUE TOMORROW

What's my job due
Self check

Calvin cycle video

PHOTOSYNTHESIS THEATER

Check  Draw Chloroplast

HW:
BILL- Cyclic vs non-cyclic photophosphorylation DUE TOMORROW

TAKE GOOGLE DOCS Photosynthesis quiz  
by THURS

BILL- Cyclic vs non-cyclic photophosphorylation DUE

Watch Bozeman Enzyme video and take video notes in your BILL
BILL Enzyme graph

HW:
1. TAKE GOOGLE DOCS
Photosynthesis quiz by TOMORROW

2. Watch "Draw glycolysis, Draw Krebs, Draw ETC videos and fill in your diagram showing the steps by MONDAY
3.
 DRAW MITOCHONDRIA due MONDAY


TAKE GOOGLE DOCS Photosynthesis quiz  by TODAY

Be an enzyme simulation 
by Thomas Wanamaker

    
Be an enzyme ?'s due AT END OF CLASS


HW:
1. Watch "Draw glycolysis, Draw Krebs, Draw ETC videos and fill in your diagram showing the steps by
MONDAY

2. DRAW MITOCHONDRIA due MONDAY

ALL SEMESTER TEST CORRECTIONS due by end of day
Enzymes and cellular respiration POGIL

Bozeman videos-
Anaerobic respiration

Take notes in BILL


HW:
Watch "Draw glycolysis, Draw Krebs, Draw ETC videos and fill in your diagram showing the steps by
MONDAY

DRAW MITOCHONDRIA due MONDAY
MONDAY  2/6 TUESDAY  2/17 WEDNESDAY 2/8 THURSDAY 2/9 FRIDAY 2/10

Watch "Draw glycolysis, Draw Krebs, Draw ETC videos and fill in your diagram showing the steps by
TODAY
 
DRAW MITOCHONDRIA due

Finish Enzyme POGIL

Lucy & Chocolate factory

Bozeman videos-
Enzymes & Energy

Coupled Reactions
Activation energy
Enzymes

HW:TO DO LIST

Explain Chemiosmosis to HOMER due TOMORROW
Mitochondria/Chloroplast Venn DUE WED
Take Google docs
Cellular Respiration quiz
by WED


BILL WHY DOES CYANIDE KILL YOU?

Due THURS

Explain Chemiosmosis to HOMER due


Respiration ETC theater

Anaerobic respiration
Aerobic respiration

Glycolysis animation
Krebs cycle animation

ETC
ETC-NADH
ETC-FADH2
Glycolysis
ETC

ETC animation
ATP Synthase animation


HW:
1.Take Google docs

Cellular Respiration quiz
by TOMORROW
Take Google docs
Cellular Respiration quiz
by today

Mitochondria/Chloroplast Venn DUE



HW:BILL WHY DOES CYANIDE KILL YOU? DUE tomorrow

BILL WHY DOES CYANIDE KILL YOU? DUE

Thermoregulation/metabolism

Watch Bozeman video-Thermoregulation

Work on Mouse/Cricket Metabolism ? due tomorrow

HW:
1. BILL-Mouse/Cricket Metabolism ? due tomorrow

2. BILL-Enzymes at work ?'s DUE MONDAY
ALL GENETICS TEST CORRECTIONS DUE AT END OF DAY

BILL-Mouse/Cricket Metabolism ? due



BILL-ENZYME GRAPHS and ?'s DONE IN CLASS

Mito/Chloro Kahoot

Enzyme animator
HW:
1. BILL-Enzymes at work ?'s DUE MONDAY

2.
Take the Google docs Enzymes quiz by TUESDAY
MONDAY  2/13 TUESDAY  2/14 WEDNESDAY 2/15 THURSDAY 2/16 FRIDAY 2/17
CHECK
BILL-Enzymes at work ?'s DUE

BILL-ENZYME GRAPHS and ?'s from FRI

OIL RIG

IN CLASS
BILL-MINI VENN
Competitive vs Mon-competitive inhibitors


HW:
Take the Google docs Enzymes quiz by TOMORROW

Review Past metabolism FRQ's

Take the Google docs Enzymes quiz by TODAY

IN CLASS ESSAYS
I PICK ?'s



HW: STUDY FOR TEST THURS

Card review

answers at end


Metabolism Kahoot

HW;
Watch the THREE Chap 14 Videos
WATCH Part 1 BY TOMORROW
WATCH Part 2 by TUES and Part 3, by WEDNESDAY
Download and save to your Google drive: You can fill in
Blank notes or follow along with completed Slide show
Modified from: Kim Foglia

2. Take Google docs quiz over info in slide show by
THURS
TEST-Chap 8,9,&10
Enzymes, R
espiration & Photosynthesis

HW;
Watch the THREE Chap 14 Videos
WATCH Part 1 BY TOMORROW
WATCH Part 2 by TUES and Part 3, by WEDNESDAY
Download and save to your Google drive: You can fill in
Blank notes or follow along with completed Slide show
Modified from: Kim Foglia

2. Take Google docs quiz over info in slide show by THURS
WATCH Part 1 video BY TODAY



WATCH Part 2 by TUES and Part 3, by WEDNESDAY
Download and save to your Google drive: You can fill in
Blank notes or follow along with completed Slide show
Modified from: Kim Foglia

2. Take Google docs quiz over info in slide show by
THURS
MONDAY  1/20 TUESDAY  1/21 WEDNESDAY 1/22 THURSDAY 1/23 FRIDAY 1/24
NO SCHOOL
MLK DAY
       

 

 

 

 

 

MONDAY 2/2 TUESDAY 2/3 WEDNESDAY 2/4 THURSDAY 2/5 FRIDAY 2/6
TEST Chap 16-20
DNA